On this page you will find a collection of young onset dementia research studies related to Learning Disabilities. They have been selected by Dr Hilda Hayo from Dementia UK and Professor Jan Oyebode from the University of Bradford. Some of the links we provide are to the abstract only. For a full paper it may be necessary to subscribe to the site or to pay a fee.
Title - Trisomy of human chromosome 21 enhances amyloid-β deposition independently of an extra copy of APP
The high rates of Alzheimer's in people with Down syndrome were previously thought to be caused by a particular gene on chromosome 21 called APP. Chromosome 21 contains 231 genes, but APP was the prime suspect because it produces amyloid precursor proteins. These are involved in generating amyloid beta proteins, which build up in the brain in Alzheimer's patients. In this study, published in the journal Brain, researchers found that extra copies of other genes on chromosome 21 increase Alzheimer's-like brain pathology and cognitive impairments in a mouse model of Down syndrome. For the article written by the Francis Crick Institute Click here or for the study Click here
Title - The Early Presentation of Dementia in People with Down Syndrome: a Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies
Title - Assessing dementia in people with learning disabilities: The relationship between two screening measures
Title - The views of people who care for adults with Down’s syndrome and dementia: a service evaluation.
Summary - 2012 study - The article reports on a specialist service for people with Down’s syndrome and dementia. Click here
Title - ‘It’s all changed:’ carers’ experiences of caring for adults who have Down’s syndrome and dementia
Summary - 2011 interview study - Undertaken to determine the information and support needs of carers of adults who have Down’s syndrome and dementia. Click here
Title - The needs of people with learning disabilities who develop dementia: A literature review.
Title - Diagnosing Alzheimer's dementia in Down syndrome: Problems and possible solutions
Summary - 2009 review - Explores recent developments and provides recommendations which may aid clinicians in their attempts to diagnose Alzheimer's dementia in the early stages in the Down syndrome population. Click here
Title - Group home care for adults with intellectual disabilities and Alzheimer’s disease
Summary - 2005 article - Examining the means of providing community group home-based care in a sample of care providers in five different countries. Click here